Lesson 3: Jesus Christ

Advanced Bible Study

Jesus of Nazareth claimed to be the Christ of God. Once in a synagogue, He read a prophecy from Isaiah about the promised Messiah and said:

"…Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing" (Luke 4:21).

When a woman spoke to Him of the coming Messiah, He replied, "...I who speak to you am He" (John 4:26).

When Jesus asked his disciples, "...But who do you say that I am? Peter answered and said, The Christ of God" (Luke 9:20). This was the answer Jesus accepted; this was who Jesus declared Himself to be. He went on to say in another place:

"...I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me" (John 14:6).

This was quite a claim. He was born in the midst of poverty, grew up in the insignificant village of Nazareth, and spent most of his adult years as a carpenter. After He made this claim, the leaders of the people mocked Him, ridiculed Him, and laughed Him to scorn. As He continued to make His claim, they became so angry with Him that they nailed Him to a cross and crucified Him. Yet, He maintained His claim to the death.Was He a fool, was He a fake, or was He the Christ? The truth is found in an honest examination of the evidence.

(1) The nature of His birth identified Jesus as the Christ. When the angel appeared unto Mary and told her that she would have a son, she asked, "...How can this be, since I do not know a man? And the angel answered and said to her, the Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you; therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God" (Luke 1:34-35).

Joseph, who was to be her husband, upon hearing that she was with child, wanted to put Mary away quietly; but, while he thought on these things, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him and said, "...Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take to you Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit" (Matthew 1:20). Matthew the apostle went on to explain:

"...all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying: Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel, which is translated, God with us" (Matthew 1:22-23).

This was not a man that was begotten of man; this was God’s "only begotten Son" (John 3:16).

(2) The events of His life identify Jesus as the Christ, for they were the fulfillment of prophecy. He was of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Judah, of the house of David, and born of a virgin. He was born in Bethlehem, called out of Egypt, and raised in Nazareth. He would visit the land of Zebulun and Naphtali, teach in parables, and be rejected by His own people. He would be sold for thirty pieces of silver and the money would be used later to buy a potter’s field. He would be smitten on the cheek and spat upon. Some would cast lots for His garments and give Him vinegar to drink. He would be crucified with the wicked, not a bone of His body would be broken, and He would be laid in a rich man’s tomb. He would arise from the dead and ascend into heaven. This was all the fulfillment of prophecy. There are over 300 prophecies of Christ fulfilled in the life of Jesus. It is impossible to conclude that He was an imposter.

(3) His teachings identify Him as the Christ. There is no greater sermon in history than the Sermon on the Mount. The moral standards presented in it are so high, they could not have come from the lips of a liar. The wisdom expressed in it is so great, it could not have come forth from the mind of a fool. The Lord’s enemies were unsuccessful in their attempt to ensnare Him in His words. While the high and mighty turned against Him, the common people heard Him gladly. They recognized that He taught them as one having authority, and they were astonished at his doctrine.

Once, when officers were sent to arrest Him, they returned empty-handed, saying, "No man ever spoke like this Man" (John 7:46). This knowledge, wisdom, and authority could not have originated in a carpenter’s shop.Jesus attributed His words to God, saying, "...as My Father taught Me, I speak these things" (John 8:28).

(4) His miracles identify Him as the Christ. Matthew the apostle wrote:

"And when John had heard in prison about the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples and said to Him, are You the Coming One, or do we look for another? Jesus answered and said to them, Go and tell John the things which you hear and see: The blind see and the lame walk; the lepers are cleansed and the deaf hear; the dead are raised up and the poor have the gospel preached to them" (Matthew 11:2-5).

Even His enemies did not deny the fact of His miracles. They charged Him with violating law because He healed on the Sabbath. They claimed His power came from the Devil. Some of them asked, "...How can a man who is a sinner do such signs?" (John 9:16). One ruler of the Jews came to Jesus by night and confessed, "...we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him" (John 3:2).

(5) While each of these evidences identifies Jesus as the Christ, the greatest proof is the fact of His resurrection. Christ had spoken before that the sign He would give would be that He would lie in the grave for three days and nights and then would come forth from the dead. One fact that cannot be denied is that the apostles were convinced without a doubt that Jesus arose from the dead. They could not have been mistaken. They were with Him while He lived, they witnessed His death, and they ate and drank with Him after He arose. They were so certain that just fifty days after Christ was crucified, in the very city in which he was tried, in the very presence of those who had slain him, they declared that this same Jesus whom " ...you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified, and put to death…God raised up…" (Acts 2:23-24).

Although it meant hardship, persecution, and death, the apostles carried this message to the uttermost parts of the earth. His resurrection is the concluding testimony of all four of the accounts of the Gospel. The book of Acts begins by telling us that "...He also presented Himself alive after His suffering by many infallible proofs…" (Acts 1:3). The apostle Paul began his writings in the New Testament by saying that Jesus was "...declared to be the Son of God with power…by the resurrection from the dead" (Romans 1:4). This sets Jesus apart from every other religious leader who has ever lived. They all died—Christ arose!

After Jesus had shown Himself openly for forty days, He ascended into heaven and sat down at the right hand of the throne of God exalted.

"Far above all principality and power and might and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in that which is to come. And He put all things under His feet, and gave Him to be head over all things to the church, which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all" (Ephesians 1:21-23).

He now reigns as "...the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings and Lord of lords" (1 Timothy 6:15). His law is the law, His Gospel is the Gospel, and His church is the church.

The apostle John wrote: "And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name" (John 20:30-31).

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    Fill in the blanks:
  1. Jesus claimed to be the of God.
  2. What five things prove Jesus to be the Christ?
  3. List three reasons the apostles could not have been mistaken about Jesus' resurrection.

  4. "And declared to be the of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the from the dead" (Romans 1:4).
  5. After days, Jesus ascended into heaven and sat down at the of the throne of God.
  6. Jesus now reigns as the " and only , the of kings and of lords" (1 Timothy 6:15).
  7. Every other religious leader who ever lived , but Christ .
  8. The apostle John wrote "that you may that Jesus is the Christ" (John 20:31).
  9. True     False   Do you believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God?
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